Cloisonné is one of the oldest enamel techniques. It is made by bending ‘ribbon’ wires of copper, silver and/or gold that are bent and shaped into a linear design. The wires are fired into a base coat of enamel (fused to the metal base) or the wires are soldered directly to the metal base. The wires create ‘cells’ or ‘cloisons’ that are filled with ground glass enamel. The first filling is fired to make the glass smooth and glossy. A second and/or third application and firing is made to build up the glass volume, and design of the piece. The surface is then ground smooth leveling the wires and glass to one surface. The piece is then re-fired to bring back gloss to the enamel.
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